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Avanti West Coast
West Coast Partnership

4 November 2016 the DfT announced that the next franchise would be known as the ‘West Coast Partnership’ and include HS2 when high speed services started. The existing Intercity West Coast franchise was simultaneously extended by a further 12 months to April 2019 and was then extended again in December 2018 to 1 April 2020 (this later became 8 December 2019).

Timetable:
Expressions of Interest, December 2016
Shortlisted bidders announced 22 June 2017
Invitations to Tender, October/November 2017
Formal bids due, July 2018
Franchise start (original projected date), 1 April 2020

The principal bidders were:
(1) First Trenitalia West Coast Ltd, a joint venture between First Rail Holdings Ltd and Trenitalia SpA
(2) MTR West Coast Partnership Ltd, a joint venture between MTR Corporation (UK) Ltd and Guangshen Railway Company
(3) West Coast Partnership Ltd, a joint venture between Stagecoach Group plc (50%), Virgin Holdings Ltd (20%) and SNCF-C3 (30%).

For full details see DfT announcement.

On 10 April 2019 the DfT announced that the bid involving Stagecoach had been disqualified from the shortlist for lodging a ‘non-compliant’ proposal in relation to pension provision. (See Railnews report 10 April 2019.)

The West Coast Partnership was awarded to a consortium of FirstGroup and Trenitalia (70:30) on 14 August 2019 and is expected to run until at least 2031. However the initial franchise, trading as Avanti West Coast, was to be replaced by a management contract when Phase 1 of HS2 is opened, provisionally in 2026. There was also a break point in 2026.

However, the government announced on 21 September 2020 that it would be ending rail franchising. On 31 March 2021 the Department for Transport issued a Prior Information Notice (PIN) for a direct award of the West Coast Partnership National Rail contract, starting on 1 April 2022. This could have lasted for up to 10 years, but has yet to be awarded.

The former Avanti franchise had already been suspended in favour of an Emergency Measures Agreement in March 2020 as a result of the Covid pandemic. This became an Emergency Recovery Measures Agreement, with revised financial terms, in September 2020.

This ERMA had been due to expire on 16 October 2022, but was extended by six months on 7 October to the end of March 2023. It was extended again to October 2023." target="blank" class="mouse" >Invitation to tender for Intercity West Coast had been expected November 2016 and a contract award in November 2017 for a start date of April 2018, but on 4 November 2016 the DfT announced that the next franchise would be known as the ‘West Coast Partnership’ and include HS2 when high speed services started. The existing Intercity West Coast franchise was simultaneously extended by a further 12 months to April 2019 and was then extended again in December 2018 to 1 April 2020 (this later became 8 December 2019).

Timetable:
Expressions of Interest, December 2016
Shortlisted bidders announced 22 June 2017
Invitations to Tender, October/November 2017
Formal bids due, July 2018
Franchise start (original projected date), 1 April 2020

The principal bidders were:
(1) First Trenitalia West Coast Ltd, a joint venture between First Rail Holdings Ltd and Trenitalia SpA
(2) MTR West Coast Partnership Ltd, a joint venture between MTR Corporation (UK) Ltd and Guangshen Railway Company
(3) West Coast Partnership Ltd, a joint venture between Stagecoach Group plc (50%), Virgin Holdings Ltd (20%) and SNCF-C3 (30%).

For full details see DfT announcement.

On 10 April 2019 the DfT announced that the bid involving Stagecoach had been disqualified from the shortlist for lodging a ‘non-compliant’ proposal in relation to pension provision. (See Railnews report 10 April 2019.)

The West Coast Partnership was awarded to a consortium of FirstGroup and Trenitalia (70:30) on 14 August 2019 and is expected to run until at least 2031. However the initial franchise, trading as Avanti West Coast, was to be replaced by a management contract when Phase 1 of HS2 is opened, provisionally in 2026. There was also a break point in 2026.

However, the government announced on 21 September 2020 that it would be ending rail franchising. On 31 March 2021 the Department for Transport issued a Prior Information Notice (PIN) for a direct award of the West Coast Partnership National Rail contract, starting on 1 April 2022. This could have lasted for up to 10 years, but has yet to be awarded.

The former Avanti franchise had already been suspended in favour of an Emergency Measures Agreement in March 2020 as a result of the Covid pandemic. This became an Emergency Recovery Measures Agreement, with revised financial terms, in September 2020.

This ERMA had been due to expire on 16 October 2022, but was extended by six months on 7 October to the end of March 2023. It was extended again to October 2023.

www.westcoastrail.co.uk

$ start date * 8 December 2019 ** $ end date * 15 October 2023 **

start date

end date


owned by
FirstGroup/Trenitalia

legal title
First Trenitalia West Coast Rail Limited

was replaced by
Long distance services: London Euston-Rugby-(Trent Valley)/Coventry/Birmingham New Street and Wolverhampton/Stoke-on-Trent-Crewe-Chester-Wrexham Manchester Piccadilly/Liverpool Lime Street/Holyhead/Glasgow Central/Edinburgh. London Euston-Blackpool North/Shrewsbury.
Projected High Speed services (HS2): London Euston-Birmingham International-Birmingham Curzon, and Birmingham-Crewe-Manchester.



/rh7/industry/database/franchises/bus_franchise.php?doc=^VIR^








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