The Scottish Government decided to suspend the franchising system in April 2020.
The franchise on this page then ceased to exist on normal commercial terms and was replaced by an Emergency Measures Agreement, which guaranteed an income to the operator and removed commercial risk.
The Scottish Government announced on 18 September that its EMAs would be extended from 20 September 2020 to January 2021, pending further discussions.
This was the first passenger franchise in Scotland and the last to take over from British Rail, in March 1997.
The subsidy profile at 1997 prices started at £297.1m in 1996-97 and then fell progressively to £202.5m in 2003-04. Subsidy payments came from the Department for Transport and Strathclyde PTE.
Franchise commitments included nine new 3-car DMUs so that Edinburgh-Falkirk-Glasgow services could be increased to four trains an hour, and also 38 new 3-car EMUs for service in the Strathclyde area.
31 March 1997
17 October 2004
National Express Group plc
ScotRail Railways Ltd
Long distance, regional and local services in Scotland, with some journeys extended across the border to England, mainly to Carlisle, plus sleeper services to London Euston.
ScotRail TOU (British Railways Board)
was replaced by