The Department for Transport has decided to abandon the franchising system in England.
The franchise on this page ceased to exist on normal commercial terms on 23 March 2020, and was replaced by an Emergency Measures Agreement, which guaranteed an income to operators and removed commercial risk.
From 20 September 2020 until some time in 2022 Emergency Recovery Measures Agreements (ERMAs) replaced the original EMAs, slightly reducing the fixed fees paid to operators but otherwise continuing the protection from commercial risk.
Replacement contracts of a new type may be announced later on.
(In the case of Scottish franchises, the Scottish Government announced on 18 September an extension of its EMAs from 20 September 2020 to January 2021, pending further discussions.)
A replacement franchise covering the same service area as the previous contract, but now owned only by FirstGroup. The franchise includes new rolling stock. The end date may be extended by up to 26 reporting periods (104 weeks).
1 April 2016
1 April 2023
First Trans Pennine Express Ltd
Windermere/Barrow/Liverpool-Manchester-Leeds-York/Scarborough-Newcastle-Sunderland; Manchester-Sheffield-Grimsby-Cleethorpes; Manchester Airport-Blackpool North; Manchester-Glasgow/Edinburgh; Liverpool-Glasgow (from December 2018)
First TransPennine Express
to be replaced by