Sunday 23 January 2022

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::: RMT threatens national industrial action over service cuts

The Department for Transport has decided to abandon the franchising system in England.

The franchise on this page ceased to exist on normal commercial terms on 23 March 2020, and was replaced by an Emergency Measures Agreement, which guaranteed an income to operators and removed commercial risk.

From 20 September 2020 until some time in 2022 Emergency Recovery Measures Agreements (ERMAs) replaced the original EMAs, slightly reducing the fixed fees paid to operators but otherwise continuing the protection from commercial risk.

Replacement contracts of a new type may be announced later on.

(In the case of Scottish franchises, the Scottish Government announced on 18 September an extension of its EMAs from 20 September 2020 to January 2021, pending further discussions.)

Essex Thameside

New franchise which replaced the earlier franchise of the same name, having been advertised by the DfT as 'Essex Thameside'. It was won by the existing operator National Express Group and the contract was signed on 16 July 2014.

The new contract includes 17 new trains, taking the total number of vehicles to 364 by 2024, as part of a total investment by the franchisee of £160 million. The end date of November 2029 may be postponed by up to 7 reporting periods (28 weeks). In January 2017 National Express announced a proposal to sell the c2c franchise to Trenitalia, subject to DfT approval. This was confirmed 13 February 2017.

start date
9 November 2014
end date
November 2029

owned by

legal title
c2c Rail Ltd

service area
Commuter and outer suburban services. London Fenchurch Street (limited service from Liverpool Street)-Tilbury/Basildon-Southend Central-Shoeburyness. Upminster-Grays.


to be replaced by
Essex Thameside


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