Sunday 23 January 2022

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East Coast

East Coast was the second ‘nationalised’ franchise to be created since general rail privatisation in the mid-1990s (the first was South Eastern).

East Coast was returned to public ownership on 13 November 2009 (23.59hrs) because the last two private sector owners – GNER and National Express East Coast – had both withdrawn when they became unable to pay the premiums included in their contracts.

East Coast was treated as a standalone franchise as far as possible, although its ultimate owner was the Department for Transport via its subsidiary Directly Operated Railways.

start date
13 November 2009
end date
1 March 2015

owned by
Directly Operated Railways Ltd (DfT)

legal title
East Coast Main Line Company Ltd

service area
Long distance and regional services. London King's Cross, Leeds/York, Newcastle, Edinburgh/Glasgow, Aberdeen/Inverness, Hull.

National Express East Coast

was replaced by
Virgin Trains East Coast


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