Monday 23 May 2022

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::: RMT threatens national industrial action over service cuts

The Department for Transport has decided to abandon the franchising system in England.

The franchise on this page ceased to exist on normal commercial terms on 23 March 2020, and was replaced by an Emergency Measures Agreement, which guaranteed an income to operators and removed commercial risk.

From 20 September 2020 until some time in 2022 Emergency Recovery Measures Agreements (ERMAs) replaced the original EMAs, slightly reducing the fixed fees paid to operators but otherwise continuing the protection from commercial risk.

Replacement contracts of a new type may be announced later on.

(In the case of Scottish franchises, the Scottish Government announced on 18 September an extension of its EMAs from 20 September 2020 to January 2021, pending further discussions.)


A temporary publicly-owned franchise, replacing Virgin Trains East Coast.

start date
24 June 2018
end date
(not yet known)

owned by
Department for Transport/DOHL (Operator of Last Resort)

service area
London Kings Cross-Hull/Middlesbrough/Leeds/Skipton, also Bradford/Huddersfield/Harrogate, Lincoln/York-Edinburgh-Glasgow/Inverness/Aberdeen. London-Sunderland.

Virgin Trains East Coast

to be replaced by
East Coast Partnership


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